“Development of activities, development of social welfare, and development of society with equality”


Strengthen the protection of fundamental rights of those who live in public to education, through research, knowledge, and legalities.


Issarachon Foundation: organization of volunteers who work for a common goal of making the society aware and conscious of social standing and looking in situations from an equal perspective.

People Living in Public Area(PLPA)

  1. Homeless person: a person who lives in public areas such as on the street since he owns no land or has been evicted from his own land.
  2. Gypsy: a person who lives in public spaces for instance; the street, Sanamluang, Sapanput (memorial bridge area), Hua Lumpong, Mo Chit, Lumpini, and under the highway or the bridge, usually urban areas such as bus terminals, markets, and tourist spots. The reasons of being gypsy vary among diverse problems for example; unemployment, family dilemma, handicap, following the parents, as well as seeking for freedom.
  3. Homeless gypsy: a person who moves out from his/her own place for whatever reason, live in public spaces, or even set up a new family in public. Homeless gypsy can move around or temporarily settle down at some places.
  4. Homeless children / Homeless family: children who live on the street or other public areas which could be divided into groups according to;
    • where they live for example; children who live and make their living on the street, children who live under bridges, market, beaches, or construction sites
    • their jobs such as beggars, workforces, gangsters, and sex-workers
    • their ways of living for example; family lives on street that move to particular places according to their jobs such as construction-site workers and fishermen, and people who prefer to live by themselves for some reasons such as family problems, broken family, poverty which could widely be defined as laborer’s children, slum children, tribal children, stateless children, and foreign children

    Note: in particular cases children under 15 (no ID card) can grow up in public spaces until set up their families and turn into homeless families which then the kids that were born to these families are likely to be permanent homeless children since they have no ID cards and neither do their parents.

  5. Alcoholism: can cause trouble at people’s work as well their health, can be chronic even losing self-control leading to many negative results socially, politically, mentally, and physically which many patients do not realize that these problems caused by alcoholism. These people might be motivated by denial or refusal from their families since they are alcoholic, otherwise they might use alcohol to relieve their pain for too long therefore later become addicted to it.
  6. Mental patients in public: people who have mental illness that might get lost from their homes and later on become gypsies anyhow including homeless gypsy who have psychological or mental problems as well.
  7. Note: “Dementia” or mental deterioration is a non-specific illness syndrome which affects areas of brain such as memory, attention, language, and problem-solving as well as a person’s daily-life. It can be separated into 2 groups; Alzheimer’s disease and strokes which usually happen with old people.

  8. Sex-worker: people who earn their living from sexual services, provide mental and physical pleasure for customers in exchange of money. Having this job maybe the result of poverty, problems in family, personal reasons such as being nobody and bad environment. Some of them are both sex-workers and service-ladies.
  9. Former prisoner: people who already served their time in prison but receive neither chance nor forgiveness from their community therefore force them to live in public.
  10. Urban poor: people who live in slum or have no permanent home, distant from social welfare, face economic problem, indebted, thus seek their chances in the city however, with high living expenses too no hope as they expected, they have no place to go and no land to return so they become people who live in public areas.
  11. People who temporarily stay in public: people who have special purposes to stay in public for a length of time for example; to visit relatives at nearby hospital, to work in the factory, or to work as motorcyclist but not enough money to rent the room/apartment therefore use public spaces to rest at night.
  12. Sexual Diversity: refers to human sexuality. Gender identity and sexual nature which includes practices and sexual behavior of different and diverse in nature. Gender is not the only two male and female only. The present. There are people with sexual diversity come to life on the streets. Not accepted by society, family or community.
  13. Impoverished Foreigners: Foreigners, who are non-citizens in Asian countries, that travel to Thailand and encounter social conflicts. They became impoverished and homeless in Thailand. There are 3 reasons that can cause this problem: being abandoned by the Thai family they lived with, their business partner took advantage and discarded them, or they confronted a robbery.
  14. Neighboring Labors: A population from neighboring countries and in Asian countries themselves that come to Thailand, but live as a homeless. They were not able to find a sustainable job or they follow their head of the family to work and use public areas as their residency.

How to access the roots of those living in public

Members of the Issarachon Foundation have simulated in into the areas near the Royal Palace, commonly known as ‘Sanam Luang’ and have strived to meet, get connect with, and talk to people who stay out in the public to find intense information about them and situations that make them homeless. Some of the ways to find information, but not limited to, include:

  1. Surveying the area.
  2. Creating basic familiarity within the area.
  3. Talking to small groups of people in the area.
  4. Talking to small groups of people outside of the area.
  5. Forming groups to brainstorm ideas about the area.
  6. Providing immediate services in the area.
  7. Providing mobile counseling units.
  8. Setting up an established service point for counseling.

The immediate first identified problems of those living in the public include the confirmation of registration of Thai national citizenship status to observe and obtain the rights of being a Thai citizen, to receive the benefits under the constitution. The second identified problem includes building the confidence to find work to develop them in the future.

Mobilizing the participation of all sectors of society to jointly mitigate the problem

To fix or alleviate the problem of those living in public or homeless people, it is important to have the participation of all sectors of society; the public and private sectors, including the business corporations. There is a great need for the public sector to take a major step in the process to resolve and alleviate this problem, for the continuous betterment and sustainability of the society. This also include using prior success medium or methods to solve the problems, reviewing, modifying and using new techniques to tackle the conditions which are changing with time.