Welcome to the Issarachon Foundation
The Issarachon Foundation is an organization that works with the less fortunate, living in the public or ‘homeless’ individuals in the society. The group started in the form of volunteer work since 2539 and in the year 2548 became registered as the VACA and then later renamed at Issarachon Foundation in 18 October 2012 .The organization has over a decade experience and commitment to improving the quality of life of those living in the public.
The foundation focuses on the individual affected and aims to rehabilitate the feelings of families, communities and surrounding environment. Members of the foundation visit affected ‘homeless’ individuals and families, encourage them to discuss and talk their feelings and work to find reasons for leaving home, to find ways to improve their quality of life and also the work of the organization. The main initiatives under this area are:
- Support to the social sector.
- Support to academic support services.
- Support of organization development.
People Living in Public Area(PLPA)
1. Homeless person: a person who lives in public areas such as on the street since he owns no land or has been evicted from his own land.
2.Gypsy: a person who lives in public spaces for instance; the street, Sanamluang, Sapanput (memorial bridge area), Hua Lumpong, Mo Chit, Lumpini, and under the highway or the bridge, usually urban areas such as bus terminals, markets, and tourist spots. The reasons of being gypsy vary among diverse problems for example; unemployment, family dilemma, handicap, following the parents, as well as seeking for freedom.
3. Homeless gypsy: a person who moves out from his/her own place for whatever reason, live in public spaces, or even set up a new family in public. Homeless gypsy can move around or temporarily settle down at some places.
4. Homeless children / Homeless family: children who live on the street or other public areas which could be divided into groups according to;
where they live for example; children who live and make their living on the street, children who live under bridges, market, beaches, or construction sites
their jobs such as beggars, workforces, gangsters, and sex-workers
their ways of living for example; family lives on street that move to particular places according to their jobs such as construction-site workers and fishermen, and people who prefer to live by themselves for some reasons such as family problems, broken family, poverty which could widely be defined as laborer’s children, slum children, tribal children, stateless children, and foreign children
NOTE: in particular cases children under 15 (no ID card) can grow up in public spaces until set up their families and turn into homeless families which then the kids that were born to these families are likely to be permanent homeless children since they have no ID cards and neither do their parents
5. Alcoholism can cause trouble at people’s work as well their health, can be chronic even losing self-control leading to many negative results socially, politically, mentally, and physically which many patients do not realize that these problems caused by alcoholism.
These people might be motivated by denial or refusal from their families since they are alcoholic, otherwise they might use alcohol to relieve their pain for too long therefore later become addicted to it.
6. Mental patients in public: people who have mental illness that might get lost from their homes and later on become gypsies anyhow including homeless gypsy who have psychological or mental problems as well.
NOTE: “Dementia” or mental deterioration is a non-specific illness syndrome which affects areas of brain such as memory, attention, language, and problem-solving as well as a person’s daily-life. It can be separated into 2 groups; Alzheimer’s disease and strokes which usually happen with old people.
7. Sex-worker: people who earn their living from sexual services, provide mental and physical pleasure for customers in exchange of money. Having this job maybe the result of poverty, problems in family, personal reasons such as being nobody and bad environment. Some of them are both sex-workers and service-ladies.
8. Former prisoner: people who already served their time in prison but receive neither chance nor forgiveness from their community therefore force them to live in public.
9. Urban poor: people who live in slum or have no permanent home, distant from social welfare, face economic problem, indebted, thus seek their chances in the city however, with high living expenses too no hope as they expected, they have no place to go and no land to return so they become people who live in public areas.
10.People who temporarily stay in public: people who have special purposes to stay in public for a length of time for example; to visit relatives at nearby hospital, to work in the factory, or to work as motorcyclist but not enough money to rent the room/apartment therefore use public spaces to rest at night.
11.Sexual Diversity : refers to human sexuality. Gender identity and sexual nature which includes practices and sexual behavior of different and diverse in nature. Gender is not the only two male and female only. The present. There are people with sexual diversity come to life on the streets. Not accepted by society, family or community.
12. Impoverished Foreigners Foreigners, who are non-citizens in Asian countries, that travel to Thailand and encounter social conflicts. They became impoverished and homeless in Thailand. There are 3 reasons that can cause this problem: being abandoned by the Thai family they lived with, their business partner took advantage and discarded them, or they confronted a robbery.
13. Neighboring Labors A population from neighboring countries and in Asian countries themselves that come to Thailand, but live as a homeless. They were not able to find a sustainable job or they follow their head of the family to work and use public areas as their residency.
Data people live in public Area in 2015